The term “Golf” seems to derive from the Dutch word “KOLF” which means “bat” or “stick”.
The game of Golf was born in the late Middle Ages in Scotland, although it seems that even the Romans played a sport similar to the Golf.
And it is precisely in Scotland that sport has had its development and assumed the dimensions of codified and certified sports discipline.
And it is again in Scotland that the first golf course was built, which, unlike most golfers think, it was not St. Andrews but the Old Links of Musselburgh, which still exists today.
Golf was a sport so practiced that in 1457 the Scottish parliament banned the sport with an official act because it was a source of distraction.
But in 1502 King James I of England withdrew the prohibition order in practicing sport, so that the population was allowed to start playing golf again.
The first rules of the Golf were issued in 1744, the year in which the Company of Gentlemen Golfers of Leith was founded in Edinburgh.
Later the rules were rewritten by the Society of St. Andrews Golfers founded in 1754.
The rules issued by the latter company are rules still used and valid throughout Europe, while in the United States the governing body is the USGA founded in 1894.
The first games of Golf were not played in real Golf courses but in public parks, where the players were confused with the rest of the people present in the park.
This is how the figure of the Caddie was born, in function of creating passages to the players for their safety.
The first golf courses were close to the sea, and were originally sheeps that formed the course of the field.
The holes were nothing but holes dug by sheeps to protect themselves from the strong wind of the sea.
Only in 1764 was established the number of compulsory holes for a Golf course, 18 holes, number still valid for all current golf courses.